Author Archives: admin

OPEN SOURCE EVERYTHING

Amazon Page

What the world lacks right now—especially the United States, where every form of organization from government to banks to labor unions has betrayed the public trust—is integrity. Also lacking is public intelligence in the sense of decision-support: knowing what one needs to know in order to make honest decisions for the good of all, rather than corrupt decisions for the good of the few.

The Open-Source Everything Manifesto is a distillation of author, strategist, analyst, and reformer Robert David Steele life’s work: the transition from top-down secret command and control to a world of bottom-up, consensual, collective decision-making as a means to solve the major crises facing our world today. The book is intended to be a catalyst for citizen dialog and deliberation, and for inspiring the continued evolution of a nation in which all citizens realize our shared aspiration of direct democracy—informed participatory democracy. Open-Source Everything is a cultural and philosophical concept that is essential to creating a prosperous world at peace, a world that works for one hundred percent of humanity. The future of intelligence is not secret, not federal, and not expensive. It is about transparency, truth, and trust among our local to global collective. Only “open” is scalable.

As we strive to recover from the closed world corruption and secrecy that has enabled massive fraud within governments, banks, corporations, and even non-profits and universities, this timely book is a manifesto for liberation—not just open technology, but open everything.

Open Source Everything 500 words 1.4

Empowering Public Wisdom

Amazon Page

Lifelong activist Tom Atlee proposes innovative ways to distill the wisdom of ordinary people in order to better guide public policy. In Empowering Public Wisdom, Atlee recognizes currently popular forms of progressive democracy advocates, such as citizen participation and voter education, but suggests that what is really needed is a re-thinking of the very concept of democracy; Atlee advocates the use of “public wisdom,” a collective intelligence that can be drawn upon to guide public policy and action. Reaching beyond partisan politics, Atlee explores how a diversity of views can be engaged around public issues in ways that generate a coherent, shared “voice of the people” that takes most or all of the population’s perspectives and needs into account. Atlee’s core approach is through “citizen deliberative councils,” in which a small group of people randomly selected creates a “mini-public” or a microcosm of the larger population. Citizen councils engage in the study of a public issue and make recommendations to public officials and the community, but disband afterward; when a new issue arises, a new council is formed. Ultimately, Atlee aims even higher, suggesting a possible fourth branch of government to better balance our current democratic system. Combining a radical vision with practical solutions, Empowering Public Wisdom provides a unique and refreshing voice in the political arena.

Public Wisdom Links by Tom Atlee

Books Recommended by Tom Atlee

Also By Tom Atlee:

2002 The Tao of Democracy: Using Co-Intelligence to Create a World that Works for All

2009 Reflections on Evolutionary Activism: Essays, poems and prayers from an emerging field of sacred social change

Creating the EarthGame

Image Only

EarthGame 1.0 Version 3.3-1

EarthGame is trademarked by Professor Medard Gabel.  Global Game is the generic term.  Professor Medard has defined the staff and cost per year for creating the EarthGame.  Our intent is to make it possible, through the use of open standards, open software, open hardware, open data, open everything, to connect all minds with all information in all languages all the time, with true cost information about every product and service being a particular objective.

2007 Top Cited Authors on Top Ten Threats

Table in Printable Document Form:  Consolidated Table of Published Experts on 10 Threats

01 Poverty

76

1110

RAVALLION M

World Bank, MSN MC 3- 306

Development Research Group,

1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433

01 Poverty

29

823

LICHTER DT

Cornell Univ,

Dept Policy Anal & Management,

Ithaca, NY, 14853

01 Poverty

26

2612

DUNCAN GJ

Northwestern Univ,

Inst Policy Res,

2040 Sheridan Rd,

Evanston, IL, 60208

01 Poverty

25

1515

DANZIGER S

Univ Michigan,

Gerald R Ford Sch Publ Policy,

015 E Huron St,

Ann Arbor, MI, 48104

01 Poverty

23

2017

KAWACHI I

Harvard Univ,

Sch Publ Hlth,

Dept Soc Human Dev & Hlth,

Boston, MA

01 Poverty

23

1976

KRIEGER N

Harvard Univ,

Sch Publ Hlth,

Dept Soc Human Dev & Hlth,

Boston, MA, 02115

01 Poverty

21

317

RANK MR

Washington University

St Louis, MO, 63130

01 Poverty

20

383

JENKINS SP

Univ Essex,

Inst Social & Econ Res,

Colchester CO4 3SQ, Essex, England

01 Poverty

19

568

JENSEN L

Population Research Institute,

Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802

01 Poverty

19

3391

MASSEY DS

Princeton Univ,

Off Populat Res,

Wallace Hall,

Princeton, NJ, 08544

01 Poverty

19

319

NOLAN B

Natl Inst Econ & Social Res,

4 Burlington Rd,

Dublin 4, Ireland

01 Poverty

18

180

MCLAUGHLIN DK

Penn State Univ,

Dept Agr Econ & Rural Sociol,

University Pk, PA, 16802

01 Poverty

17

332

BARRETT CB

Cornell Univ,

Dept Appl Econ & Management,

Ithaca, NY, 14853

01 Poverty

17

146

GAIHA R

Univ Delhi,

Fac Management Studies,

Delhi 110007, INDIA

01 Poverty

16

1270

NEWACHECK PW

Univ Calif San Francisco,

Dept Social & Behav Sci,

San Francisco, CA, 94118

01 Poverty

16

273

SUBRAMANIAN SV

Center for Society and Health,

Harvard School of Public Health,

Boston, MA

01 Poverty

16

226

THORBECKE E

Cornell Univ,

Ithaca, NY, 14853

01 Poverty

15

176

LANJOUW P

Brookings Institution,

Massachusetts Avenue NW,

Washington, DC

01 Poverty

14

2993

Brooks-Gunn J

Child Development and Education,

Teachers College,

Columbia University,

New York, NY

01 Poverty

14

237

DATT G

World Bank Grp,

SE Asia & Pacific Reg,

Level 19, 14 Martin Pl,

Sydney, NSW 2000, AUSTRALIA

01 Poverty

14

76

DUCLOS JY

Univ Laval,

Dept Econ,

Quebec City, PQ G1K 7P4,

CANADA

01 Poverty

14

907

GERONIMUS AT

Univ Michigan, Sch Publ Hlth,

Dept Hlth Behav & Hlth Educ,

Ann Arbor, MI, 48109

01 Poverty

14

530

GUSTAFSSON B

Univ Gothenburg,

Dept Social Work,

S-40530 Gothenburg, SWEDEN

01 Poverty

14

52

HIRSCHL TA

Cornell Univ,

Pop & Dev Program,

Ithaca, NY, 14853

01 Poverty

14

382

SMEEDING TM

Syracuse Univ,

Ctr Policy Res,

Syracuse, NY, 13244

01 Poverty

14

45

ZHENG BH

Univ Colorado,

Dept Econ,

Denver, CO, 80217

01 Poverty

13

954

GARFINKEL I

Columbia Univ,

Sch Social Work,

622 W 113th St,

New York, NY, 10027

01 Poverty

13

436

PLOTNICK RD

Univ Washington,

Seattle, WA, 98195

01 Poverty

13

274

SAHN DE

Cornell Univ,

Cornell Food Nutr Policy Program,

3M12 MVR Hall,

Ithaca, NY, 14853

01 Poverty

13

1777

SAUNDERS P

Ctr Independent Studies,

Sydney, NSW, AUSTRALIA

01 Poverty

13

3179

TOWNSEND P

Department of Sociology,

University of Essex,

Wivenhoe Park,

Colchester, Essex, UK

01 Poverty

13

164

WHELAN CT

Econ & Social Res Inst,

Dublin, IRELAND

01 Poverty

12

328

DORLING D

Univ Sheffield,

Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, UK

01 Poverty

12

525

KAKWANI N

Univ New S Wales,

Sch Econ,

Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

01 Poverty

12

489

KANBUR R

Cornell Univ,

Ithaca, NY, 14853

01 Poverty

12

1676

LIDDLE PF

Univ Nottingham,

Nottingham NG7 2RD UK

01 Poverty

12

2473

LIPTON M

Poverty Research Institute,

Sussex University, Brighton, UK

01 Poverty

12

56

LOKSHIN M

World Bank, Dev Res Grp,

1818 H St NW,

Washington, DC, 20433

01 Poverty

12

408

MALLA AK

McGill University and Douglas Hospital Research Centre,

6875 Boul. LaSalle,

Verdun, Montreal, Quebec, CANADA, H4H 1R3

01 Poverty

12

411

MEAD LM

NYU,

550 1St Ave,

New York, NY, 10012

01 Poverty

12

124

SADOULET E

Univ Calif Berkeley,

Berkeley, CA, 94720

01 Poverty

12

623

SMITH KR

Univ Utah,

Huntsman Canc Inst,

Dept Family & Consumer Studies,

Salt Lake City, UT, 84112

01 Poverty

12

594

YOSHIKAWA H

Harvard Univ, Grad Sch Educ,

Larsen Hall, Room 704,

Appian Way,

Cambridge, MA, 02138

01 Poverty

11

64

EAMON MK               4

School of Social Work,

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,

Urbana, Illinois, 61801

01 Poverty

11

533

ELLIS F

Univ E Anglia,

Sch Dev Studies,

Norwich NR4 7TJ,

Norfolk, UK

01 Poverty

11

595

HALFON N

UCLA Schools of Medicine,

Public Health, Public Policy, and Social Research,

Los Angeles, CA

01 Poverty

11

2414

KAPLAN GA

University of Michigan School of Public Health

and Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health

Ann Arbor, MI 48104

01 Poverty

11

737

MEYER DR

Institute for Research on Poverty,

Univ Wisconsin,

Madison, WI, 53706

01 Poverty

11

598

NORMAN RMG

Univ Western Ontario,

Prevent & Early Intervent Program Psychoses,

London, ON, CANADA

01 Poverty

11

253

OZAWA MN

Washington Univ,

George Warren Brown Sch Social Work,

St Louis, MO, 63130

01 Poverty

11

555

WALDFOGEL J

Columbia University

School of Social Work,

New York, New York

01 Poverty

10

102

BAULCH B

Univ Sussex,

Inst Dev Studies,

Brighton, E Sussex, England

01 Poverty

10

310

CHEN SH

Natl Chengchi Univ,

Dept Econ,

AI ECON Res Ctr,

Taipei 116, Taiwan

01 Poverty

10

624

DEININGER K

World Bank,

Dev Res Grp,

1818 H St NW,

Washington, DC, 20433

01 Poverty

10

205

DERCON S

Department of Economics,

University of Oxford,

Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UQ, UK

01 Poverty

10

1969

EVANS GW

Univ Oregon,

Eugene, OR, 97403

01 Poverty

10

876

HAVEMAN R

Univ Wisconsin,

Dept Econ,

Madison, WI, 53706

01 Poverty

10

292

HOLDEN KC

UNIV WISCONSIN,

DEPT CONSUMER SCI,

MADISON, WI, 53706

01 Poverty

10

224

JACKSON AP

University of Pittsburgh

School of Social Work,

2117 Cathedral of Learning,

Pittsburgh, PA  15260

01 Poverty

10

432

LEVENTHAL T

Johns Hopkins Univ,

Inst Policy Studies,

3400 N Charles St,

Wyman Bldg,

Baltimore, MD 21218

01 Poverty

10

1805

MCLOYD VC

Univ N Carolina,

Dept Psychol,

CB 3270, Davie Hall,

Chapel Hill, NC, 27599

01 Poverty

10

90

PRESSMAN S

Monmouth Univ,

Dept Econ & Finance,

W Long Branch, NJ, 07764

01 Poverty

10

258

ROZELLE S

Univ Calif Davis,

Dept Agr & Resource Econ,

Davis, CA, 95616

01 Poverty

10

3493

SAMPSON RJ

Harvard Univ,

Dept Sociol,

William James Hall,

Cambridge, MA, 02138

01 Poverty

10

170

SATTERTHWAITE D

Human Settlements Programme,

International Institute for Environment and Development,

3 Endsleigh Street,

London WC1H ODD, UK

01 Poverty

10

1451

SHAW M

Department of Social Medicine,

University of Bristol,

Bristol BS8 2PR, UK

01 Poverty

10

507

SHEK DTL

Chinese Univ Hong Kong,

Dept Social Work,

Social Welf Practice & Res Ctr,

Shatin, Hong Kong, PRC

01 Poverty

10

416

WACQUANT L

Univ Calif Berkeley,

Dept Sociol,

Berkeley, CA, 94720

01 Poverty

9

512

ABER JL

NYU,

Steinhardt Sch Educ,

New York, NY,

01 Poverty

9

173

ALCOCK P

Univ Birmingham,

Birmingham B15 2TT,

W Midlands, UK

01 Poverty

9

1716

BOUND J

Univ Michigan,

Sch Publ Hlth,

Dept Hlth Behav & Hlth Educ,

Ann Arbor, MI, 48109

01 Poverty

9

1006

BRADSHAW J

Social Policy Research Unit,

University of York,

Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK

01 Poverty

9

494

BRAVEMAN P

Department of Family and Community Medicine

and Center on Social Disparities in Health,

University of California San Francisco,

500 Parnassus Avenue MU-3E,

San Francisco, CA 94143-0900

01 Poverty

9

771

BURKHAUSER RV

Department of Policy Analysis and Management,

Cornell University and German Institute for Economic Research,

Ithaca, NY

01 Poverty

9

78

CHEN JT

Department of Society, Human Development and Health,

Harvard School of Public Health,

677 Huntington Ave,

Kresge 7th Floor,

Boston MA 02115-6096

01 Poverty

9

1661

DREZE J

GB Pant Social Sci Inst,

Allahabad,

Uttar Pradesh, INDIA

01 Poverty

9

865

FIELDS GS

Cornell University,

250 Ives Hall,

Ithaca, NY 14853-3901

01 Poverty

9

448

FREEMAN L

Columbia Univ,

New York, NY, 10027

01 Poverty

9

530

GALSTER GC

Department of Geography and Urban Planning,

Wayne State University,

Detroit, MI 48202

01 Poverty

9

464

GELBERG L

Univ Calif Los Angeles,

David Geffen Sch Med,

Dept Family Med,

Los Angeles, CA, 90024

01 Poverty

9

1125

GILBERT A

Univ Ottawa,

Dept Geog,

Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, CANADA

01 Poverty

9

830

GOTTSCHALK P

Department of Economics,

Boston College,

140 Commonwealth Avenue,

Chestnut Hill,

Boston, MA 02467

01 Poverty

9

43

GUNDERSEN C

Iowa State Univ Sci & Technol,

Dept Human Dev & Family Studies,

74 LeBaron Hall,

Ames, IA, 50011

01 Poverty

9

387

HULME D

Institute for Development Policy and Management

Crawford House,

Precinct Centre Oxford Road,

Manchester M13 9GH UK

01 Poverty

9

554

KENNEDY BP

Harvard Univ,

Sch Publ Hlth,

Dept Hlth Policy & Management,

Boston, MA, 02115

01 Poverty

9

1281

KIM S

Institute for Health Policy Studies,

University of California, San Francisco,

San Francisco, CA

01 Poverty

9

570

PATEL V

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine;

and Chairperson, The Sangath Society for

Child Development and Family Guidance, INDIA

01 Poverty

9

75

PENDER J

Environment and Production Technology Division

International Food Policy Research Institute

2033 K St., N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20006

01 Poverty

9

279

PIACHAUD D

Univ London

London Sch Econ & Polit Sci,

London WC2A 2AE, UK

01 Poverty

9

1081

RAMEY CT

Georgetown University

Center on Health and Education,

Georgetown University, Washington, DC

01 Poverty

9

217

ROGERSON CM

University of the Witwatersrand,

Johannesburg, SOUTH AFRICA

01 Poverty

9

815

SIMON D

Univ Hosp Freiburg,

Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy,

Sect Clin Epidemiol & Hlth Serv Res,

Hauptstr 5, D-79104 Freiburg, GERMANY

01 Poverty

9

1566

SMITH GD

Dept. of Social Medicine,

Univ. of Bristol, Bristol, UK

01 Poverty

9

2212

WALKER R

The University of Nottingham,

University Park,

Nottingham NG7 2RD UK

01 Poverty

9

7859

WHITE H

Institute of Development Studies,

University of Sussex Location:

Brighton, UK

02 Infectious Disease

66

33995

SUZUKI Takashi

Department of Biochemistry,

Department of Radiobiochemistry,

University of Shizuoka,

School of Pharmaceutical Science,

52-1 Yada, Shizuoka-shi 422, JAPAN

02 Infectious Disease

56

32905

LI Yi

Centre de microbiologie et biotechnologie,

INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier,

Université du Québec,

531 boul. des Prairies, Laval,

Québec H7V 1B7, CANADA

02 Infectious Disease

118

30011

KUMAR Sanjay

Bacterial and Parasitic Diseases Section,

Division of Emerging and Transfusion Transmitted Diseases,

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research,

Food and Drug Administration, HFM-313,

1401 Rockville Pike,

Rockville, MD 20852-1448

02 Infectious Disease

68

29576

LI Jun

Laboratory of Parasitic Diseases,

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases,

National Institutes of Health,

Bethesda, MD 20892-0425

02 Infectious Disease

62

26976

COHEN Jeffrey I.

Medical Virology Section,

Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases,

National Institutes of Health,

Bethesda, MD 20982-1888

02 Infectious Disease

90

23593

KUMAR Arvind

Departments of Gastroenterology,

Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences,

Lucknow 226 014 INDIA

02 Infectious Disease

61

21478

SUZUKI Yasuo

CREST,

Japan Science and Technology Agency,

Saitama, 332-0012, JAPAN

02 Infectious Disease

91

18522

KALICHMAN Seth

Department of Psychology,

University of Connecticut,

406 Babbidge Road,

Storrs, CT 06269

02 Infectious Disease

53

16962

KIM Jean H.

Chinese University of Hong Kong,

Hong Kong Special

Administrative Region,

People’s Republic of China

02 Infectious Disease

73

15107

Gupta S

Division of Infectious Diseases,

Indiana University

School of Medicine,

Wishard Hospital,

Indianapolis, IN 46202

02 Infectious Disease

131

11240

SHARMA Sk

Department of Medicine,

All India Institute of Medical Sciences,

New Delhi, India

02 Infectious Disease

54

8921

LEE Kuo-Hsiung

Division of Medicinal Chemistry,

School of Pharmacy,

University of North Carolina,

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599

02 Infectious Disease

50

7943

Yoshifumi Takeda

Faculty of Human Life Sciences,

Jissen Women’s University,

Hino, Tokyo 191-8510, Japan

02 Infectious Disease

98

5559

ANDERSEN Peter

Statens Serum Institute,

Copenhagen, Denmark

02 Infectious Disease

57

3881

KUMAR Nirmal

Department of Gastroenterology,

G B Pant Hospital,

New Delhi 110 002 India

02 Infectious Disease

98

3705

Stefan H. E. Kaufmann

Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology,

Department of Immunology,

Schumannstr, 21-22,

10117 Berlin, Germany

02 Infectious Disease

68

3643

COLE Stewart T.

Génétique Moléculaire Bactérienne and

Biochimie Structurale Units,

Institut Pasteur,

Paris 75724 Cedex 15, France

02 Infectious Disease

20

3600

HEATON Robert K.

HIV Neurobehavioral Research Center,

University of California San Diego,

La Jolla, CA

02 Infectious Disease

71

3445

BRUN Reto

Swiss Tropical Institute,

CH-4002 Basel, SWITZERLAND

02 Infectious Disease

67

3015

KELLY Jeffrey A.

Center for AIDS Intervention Research,

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine,

Medical College of Wisconsin,

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

02 Infectious Disease

213

2996

WHITE Nicholas J.

Faculty of Tropical Medicine,

Mahidol University,

420/6 Rajvithi Rd.,

Bangkok 10400, THAILAND

02 Infectious Disease

63

2824

CHAISSON Richard E.

Johns Hopkins University,

Baltimore, MD

02 Infectious Disease

89

2289

BHATTACHARYA Sujit K.

Rajendra Memorial Research Institute

of Medical Sciences,

Agamkuan, INDIA

02 Infectious Disease

56

2263

CLEMENS John D.

Retired (P.C.); Department of Pediatrics,

University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria,

Peoria, IL

02 Infectious Disease

26

2228

SINGER Mendel E.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics,

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine,

WG-57, 10900 Euclid Avenue,

Cleveland, OH 44106

02 Infectious Disease

16

2147

CLEARY Paul D.

Department of Health Care Policy,

Harvard Medical School,

Boston, MA

02 Infectious Disease

50

2118

CATANIA J. A.

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies,

University of California, San Francisco,

74 New Montgomery, Suite 600,

San Francisco, CA 94105

02 Infectious Disease

23

2095

Ron D. Hays

UCLA AIDS Institute Center for AIDS Research,

Los Angeles, CA

02 Infectious Disease

49

2002

DYE Chris

Communicable Diseases,

World Health Organization,

1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland

02 Infectious Disease

52

1993

HOSHINO Yo

Department of Pediatrics,

Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine,

Nagoya, JAPAN

02 Infectious Disease

62

1977

WEBSTER Robert G.

Division of Virology,

Department of Infectious Diseases,

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital,

Memphis, Tennessee

02 Infectious Disease

44

1962

JARLAIS Don C. Des

Edmond de Rothschild Foundation Chemical Dependency Institute,

Beth Israel Medical Center,

New York, NY

02 Infectious Disease

113

1957

HILL Adrian V S

Nuffield Department of Medicine,

University of Oxford,

John Radcliffe Hospital,

Oxford, OX3 9DU, UK

02 Infectious Disease

132

1923

VLAHOV David

New York Academy of Medicine,

Center for Urban Epidemiological Studies,

New York, NY

02 Infectious Disease

55

1858

MILLER Louis H.

Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research,

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases,

National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892

02 Infectious Disease

18

1857

FOREHAND Rex

Department of Psychology,

University of Vermont, VT

Robert W. Snow           113            1856

Kenya Medical Research Institute–W

ellcome Trust Collaborative Program,

00100 GPO, PO Box 43640,

Nairobi, Kenya

02 Infectious Disease HOLMGREN Jan

Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology

Göteborg University Vaccine Research Institute (GUVAX),

Göteborg University,

SE-405 30 Göteborg, Sweden

02 Infectious Disease

51

1698

SMALL Peter M.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine,

Stanford University Medical Center,

Stanford, CA 94305

02 Infectious Disease

85

1684

ORME Ian M.

Colorado State University,

Fort Collins, CO 80523

02 Infectious Disease

53

1661

YOUNG D. B.

MRC Tuberculosis and Related Infections Unit

London W12 OHS, UK

02 Infectious Disease

78

1567

MONTANER Julio S. G

St. Paul’s Hospital/

University of British Columbia,

Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA

02 Infectious Disease

52

1501

ESTES Mary K.

Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology,

Baylor College of Medicine,

Houston, TX

02 Infectious Disease

25

1500

DICLEMENTE Ralph J.

Departments of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education,

Emory University,

Atlanta, GA

02 Infectious Disease

91

1498

GLASS Roger I.

National Center for Infectious Diseases,

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,

Atlanta, GA

02 Infectious Disease

90

1416

Patrick J. Brennan

Mycobacterial Research Laboratories,

Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology,

Colorado State University,

Fort Collins, CO

02 Infectious Disease

65

1394

ROTHERAM-BORUS Mary Jane

Center for Community Health,

University of California,

Los Angeles, CA

02 Infectious Disease

79

1378

Stephen L. Hoffman

Sanaria Inc.,

12115 Parklawn Drive Suite L,

Rockville, MD 20852

02 Infectious Disease

50

1366

COOPER David A.

National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research,

University of New South Wales,

Sydney, AUSTRALIA

02 Infectious Disease

50

1365

MCGHEE Jerry R.

University of Alabama at Birmingham,

Birmingham, Alabama

02 Infectious Disease

50

1316

LU C. H.

Department of Neurology,

Chang Gung Memorial Hospital,

123, Ta Pei Road,

Niao Sung Hsiang,

Kaohsiung Hsien, TAIWAN

02 Infectious Disease

43

1298

COATES Thomas J.

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies,

University of California,

San Francisco, CA

02 Infectious Disease

26

1287

CHESNEY Margaret A.

University of California San Francisco,

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies,

74 New Montgomery St., Suite 600,

San Francisco, CA 94105

02 Infectious Disease

96

1266

HARRIES Anthony D.

National Tuberculosis Control Programme,

Ministry of Health and Population,

Lilongwe, MALAWI

02 Infectious Disease

84

1235

SORIANO Vincent

Hospital Carlos III,

Madrid, SPAIN

02 Infectious Disease

21

1230

INCIARDI James A.

Center for Drug and Alcohol Studies,

University of Delaware,

Coral Gables, Florida

02 Infectious Disease

55

1200

JELINEK Tomas

Institute of Tropical Medicine,

Humboldt University,

Berlin, GERMANY

02 Infectious Disease

119

1172

MARSH Kevin

Kenya Medical Research Institute/

Wellcome Trust Programme,

Centre for Geographic Medicine Research,

Coast, Kilifi District Hospital,

Kilifi, KENYA

02 Infectious Disease

60

1168

SAUL Allan

Malaria Vaccine Development Unit,

NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Twinbrook I,

5640 Fisher Lane,

Rockville, MD 20853

02 Infectious Disease

151

1081

LOOAREESUWAN Sornchai

Faculty of Tropical Medicine,

Mahidol University,

Bangkok, THAILAND

02 Infectious Disease

62

1061

NATH Anamika

Division of Infectious Diseases,

School of Medicine, Scaife Hall,

University of Pittsburgh,

3550 Terrace Street,

Pittsburgh, PA 15261

02 Infectious Disease

135

1056

TANNER Marcel

Swiss Tropical Institute,

PO Box, CH-4002

Basel, SWITZERLAND

02 Infectious Disease

32

1015

ROSS Michael W.

Center for Health Promotion and Prevention Research,

School of Public Health,

University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston,

Houston, Texas

02 Infectious Disease

16

997

STIMSON Gerry V.

Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour,

Imperial College London,

London, ENGLAND

02 Infectious Disease

18

990

ANDERSON Roy M.

Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology,

Faculty of Medicine,

Imperial College London,

St Mary’s Campus, Norfolk Place,

London W2 1PG, UK

02 Infectious Disease

18

988

Kenrad E. Nelson

Department of Epidemiology,

Johns Hopkins University

Bloomberg School of Public Health,

Baltimore, MD

02 Infectious Disease

22

984

STALL Ron

Prevention Research Branch,

Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention,

National Center for HIV, STD, TB Prevention,

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,

Atlanta, 30333, GA

02 Infectious Disease

62

969

RASTOGI Nalin

Institut Pasteur de Guadeloupe,

Pointe-à-Pitre, GUADELOUPE

02 Infectious Disease

84

966

NOSTEN François

Faculty of Tropical Medicine,

Mahidol University,

Bangkok, THAILAND

02 Infectious Disease

53

950

MENZIES Dick

Department of Respirology,

Royal Victoria Hospital,

Montréal, Quebec, CANADA

02 Infectious Disease

48

934

FRIEDMAN Samuel R.

National Development and Research Institutes,

New York, New York

02 Infectious Disease

23

921

STEIN Judith A.

Vaccine Research Center,

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases,

National Institutes of Health,

40 Convent Drive,

Bethesda, Maryland 20892-3017

02 Infectious Disease

60

916

ENARSON D. A.

Scientific Activities Unit,

International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease,

Paris, FRANCE

02 Infectious Disease

83

910

COWMAN Alan F.

Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research,

Parkville VIC 3050, AUSTRALIA

02 Infectious Disease

50

903

WARD Stephen A.

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine,

Liverpool, UNITED KINGDOM

02 Infectious Disease

49

902

COLEBUNDERS Robert

Institute of Tropical Medicine,

Antwerp, BELGIUM

02 Infectious Disease

77

901

JACOBS, JR.William R.

Howard Hughes Medical Institute,

Albert Einstein College of Medicine,

Bronx, New York 10461

02 Infectious Disease

59

898

OTTENHOFF Tom H. M.

Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion,

Leiden University Medical Center,

Leiden, THE NETHERLANDS

02 Infectious Disease

70

868

KRISHNA Sanjeev

Department of Infectious Diseases,

St. George’s Hospital Medical School,

London SW17, UNITED KINGDOM

02 Infectious Disease

23

860

CAREY Michael P.

Department of Psychology and Center for Health and Behavior,

Syracuse University,

Syracuse, New York

02 Infectious Disease

51

860

HOLDER Anthony A.

Division of Parasitology,

National Institute for Medical Research,

Mill Hill, London, UK

02 Infectious Disease

16

849

HUBA G. J.

The Measurement Group,

5811A Uplander Way,

Culver City, CA 90230

02 Infectious Disease

54

838

KATLAMA Christine

Department of Virology-EA2387 and Infectious Diseases,

Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital,

Paris, FRANCE

02 Infectious Disease

56

820

CROFT Simon L.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases,

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine,

London, UNITED KINGDOM

02 Infectious Disease

75

818

SUNDAR Shyam

Kala-azar Medical Research Centre,

Muzaffarpur, INDIA

02 Infectious Disease

50

787

TESH Robert B.

University of Texas Medical Branch,

Galveston, Texas

02 Infectious Disease

50

771

MESHNICK Steven R.

Department of Epidemiology,

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,

Chapel Hill, NC

02 Infectious Disease

58

766

PFISTER Hans W.

Department of Neurology,

Max von PettenkoferInstitute,

Ludwig-Maximilian-University,

Munich, GERMANY

02 Infectious Disease

60

765

RILEY Eleanor M.

Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases,

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine,

London, UNITED KINGDOM

02 Infectious Disease

70

724

KAIN Kevin C.

University of Toronto,

Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

02 Infectious Disease

63

720

MANFREDI Roberto

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine,

Division of Infectious Diseases,

University of Bologna Alma Mater Studiorum,

S. Orsola Hospital,

Bologna, ITALY

02 Infectious Disease

49

713

CELENTANO David D.

Department of Epidemiology,

Johns Hopkins University,

Bloomberg School of Public Health,

Baltimore, MD

02 Infectious Disease

51

708

BJÖRKMAN Anders

Malaria Research Laboratory,

Unit of Infectious Diseases,

Department of Medicine,

Karolinska University Hospital,

Karolinska Institute,

Stockholm, SWEDEN

02 Infectious Disease

91

704

ROSENTHAL Philip J.

Department of Medicine,

San Francisco General Hospital,

University of California,

San Francisco, CA

02 Infectious Disease

17

683

EHRHARDT Anke A.

HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies,

New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University,

New York, NY

02 Infectious Disease

19

683

VALDISERRI Ronald O.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,

600 Clifton Road (E07),

Atlanta, GA

02 Infectious Disease

86

680

SACK David A.

Vaccine Testing Unit,

The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health,

Baltimore, MD

02 Infectious Disease

76

677

DABIS François

NSERM U593,

Université Victor Ségalen,

146 rue Léo Saignat,

33076 Bordeaux, FRANCE

02 Infectious Disease

22

673

SELWYN Peter A

Department of Family and Social Medicine,

Montefiore Medical Center,

Albert Einstein College of Medicine,

Bronx, NY 10467

02 Infectious Disease

49

653

BOOM W. Henry

Department of Medicine,

Division of Infectious Diseases,

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio

03 Environmental Degradation

3

903

BUTZER Karl W                                          ]

Department of Geography and the Environment,

The University of Texas at Austin,

Austin, TX 78712

03 Environmental Degradation

5

747

TURNER BL

George Perkins Marsh Institute,

Clark University,

950 Main Street,

Worcester, MA 01610-1477

03 Environmental Degradation

3

623

SMITH Kirk R.

Environmental Health Sciences,

University of California,

Berkeley, California 94720-7360

03 Environmental Degradation

4

584

BARBIER Edward B

Department of Economics and Finance,

University of Wyoming

PO Box 3985,

Laramie, WY 82071-3985

03 Environmental Degradation

4

525

BOVENBERG A. Lans

CentER,

Tilburg University,

P.O. Box 90153,

5000 LE Tilburg, THE NETHERLANDS

03 Environmental Degradation

3

399

STAVINS  Robert N.

Harvard University –

John F. Kennedy School of Government;

Resources for the Future

Cambridge, MA 02138

03 Environmental Degradation

3

367

PLOEG Rick van der

European University Institute
Badia Fiesolana,

Via dei Roccettini, 9
I – 50014 San Domenico di Fiesole ITALIA

03 Environmental Degradation

3

340

SHOGREN, Jason F.

University of Wyoming,

Box 3985,

Laramie, WY 82071

03 Environmental Degradation

3

313

FEARNSIDE Philip M.

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA),

Caixa Postal 478,

Manaus 69083-000, Amazonas, BRASIL

03 Environmental Degradation

3

306

BOYCE James K.

University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Amherst, MA 01003

3

299

SEGERSON Kathleen

Department of Economics

University of Connecticut

341 Mansfield Road, Unit 1063

Storrs, CT 06269-1063

03 Environmental Degradation

3

285

COPELAND Brian R.

University of British Columbia

2329 West Mall

Vancouver, BC CANADA V6T 1Z4

03 Environmental Degradation

3

283

COLE Donald C.

Department of Public Health Sciences,

Faculty of Medicine,

University of Toronto,

12 Queen’s Park Crescent,

Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, CANADA

03 Environmental Degradation

9

259

ADGER W. Neil

Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE),

School of Environmental Sciences,

University of East Anglia,

Norwich, NR4 7TJ, U.K

03 Environmental Degradation

3

249

TOL Richard S.J.

Center for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change,

Carnegie Mellon University,

Pittsburgh, PA

03 Environmental Degradation

3

242

FOLKE Carl

Department of Systems Ecology,

Stockholm University,

SE-106 91 Stockholm, SWEDEN

03 Environmental Degradation

3

240

STERN David I.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute,

Troy, NY

03 Environmental Degradation

4

214

BURTRAW Dallas

Quality of Environment Division,

Resources for the Future,

1616 P St. NW,

Washington, DC 20036

03 Environmental Degradation

3

209

PARRY Ian W.H.

Resources for the Future

1616 P Street, NW

Washington, D.C. 20036

03 Environmental Degradation

5

191

LAMBIN Eric F.

Department of Geography,

Université catholique de Louvain,

place Louis Pasteur, 3,

1348 Louvain-La-Neuve, BELGIQUE

03 Environmental Degradation

8

172

COLE Matthew A.

Department of Economics
University of Birmingham

Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT

ENGLAND

03 Environmental Degradation

4

158

KAHN Matthew

Tufts University

Medford, MA 02155

03 Environmental Degradation

7

126

SHORTLE James S.

Pennsylvania State University

312 Old Main

University Park, PA 16802

03 Environmental Degradation

3

117

KHANNA Neha

Department of Economics & Environmental Studies Program,

State University of New York at Binghamton,

PO Box 6000,

Binghamton, NY

03 Environmental Degradation

3

110

FARZIN Y. Hossein

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

University of California, Davis

Davis, CA 95616

03 Environmental Degradation

3

110

ROSA Eugene A.

Washington State University

Pullman, Washington

03 Environmental Degradation

5

96

FREDRIKSSON Per G.

Department of Economics,

Southern Methodist University,

PO Box 750496,

Dallas, TX 75275-0496

03 Environmental Degradation

3

88

XEPAPADEAS Anastasios

University of Crete,

Department of Economics

University Campus, 74 100

Rethymno, GREECE

03 Environmental Degradation

4

80

BOHARA Alok K.

Department of Economics,

University of New Mexico,

Albuquerque, NM 87131

03 Environmental Degradation

5

79

JERRETT Michael

School of Geography and Geology and

McMaster Institute of Environment and Health,

McMaster University,

Hamilton, Ontario, CANADA

03 Environmental Degradation

5

78

ABLER David G.

Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology,

The Pennsylvania State University,

University Park, PA 16828

03 Environmental Degradation

3

78

BERRENS Robert P.

Department of Economics,

University of New Mexico,

Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001

03 Environmental Degradation

4

68

PERZ SG

University of Florida,

Gainesville, FL 32611

03 Environmental Degradation

3

68

VERBURG Peter H.

Department of Environmental Sciences,

Wageningen University,

PO Box 37,

6700 AA Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS

03 Environmental Degradation

3

63

GREN Ing-Marie

Department of Economics,

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU),

Box 7013,

75005 Uppsala, SWEDEN

03 Environmental Degradation

3

60

GEE GC

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education,

School of Public Health,

University of Michigan,

1420 Washington Heights, Room M5224,

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029

03 Environmental Degradation

3

58

GERLAGH Reyer

IVM, Vrije University

Amsterdam, THE NETHERLANDS

03 Environmental Degradation

3

56

DAMANIA Richard

University of Adelaide

ADELAIDE SA 5005 AUSTRALIA

03 Environmental Degradation

4

51

BULKELEY Harriet

Durham University

University Office

Old Elvet

Durham DH1 3HP UK

03 Environmental Degradation

7

48

HORAN Richard D.

Department of Agricultural Economics,

Michigan State University,

East Lansing, MI 48824-1039

03 Environmental Degradation

3

45

MILLIMET Daniel L.

Department of Economics,

Southern Methodist University,

Dallas, 75275-0496

03 Environmental Degradation

3

36

FARRELL Alexander E.

Energy and Resources Group,

University of California,

Berkeley, CA 94720–3050

03 Environmental Degradation

4

31

EYLES John D.

McMaster Institute of Environment and Health,

McMaster University

1280 Main Street West,
Hamilton, Ontario
L8S 4L8 CANADA

03 Environmental Degradation

3

31

BULTE Erwin H.

Department of Economics,

Tilburg University,

P.O. Box 90153,

5000 LE Tilburg, NETHERLANDS

03 Environmental Degradation

3

31

LIPSETT Michael

Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment,

California Environmental Protection Agency,

Oakland, CA

03 Environmental Degradation

3

26

BRANNSTROM Christian

Institute of Latin American Studies,

University of London,

31 Tavistock Square,

London, WC1H 9HA, UK

03 Environmental Degradation

3

24

HILSON Gavin M.

Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM),

School of Environment and Development,

University of Manchester,

Manchester M13 9QH UK

03 Environmental Degradation

4

23

BUZZELLI M

Department of Geography,

University of British Columbia,

984 West Mall,

Vancouver, BC, CANADA

03 Environmental Degradation

3

16

LUERS AL

Union of Concerned Scientists,

2397 Shattuck Avenue, Ste. 203,

Berkeley, CA 94704

04 Inter-State Conflict

53

5452

DIXON William J.

Department of Political Science,

Box 210027,

University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721

04 Inter-State Conflict

90

1533

RUSSETT Bruce M.

Political Science Department,

Yale University,

PO Box 208301,

New Haven, CT  06520-8301

04 Inter-State Conflict

100

1221

THOMPSON William R.

Department of Political Science,

Woodburn Hall,

107 S. Indiana Ave.,

Bloomington, IN 47405-700

04 Inter-State Conflict

142

695

JAMES Patrick

School of International Relations,

University of Southern California,

Los Angeles , CA 90089

04 Inter-State Conflict

59

606

PALMER Glenn H.

Department of Political Science,

Pennsylvania State University,

203 Pond Laboratories,

University Park,

State College, PA

04 Inter-State Conflict

52

499

RAY James L.

Department of Political Science,

Vanderbilt University,

Nashville, TN 37235

04 Inter-State Conflict

45

479

VASQUEZ John A.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,

361 Lincoln Hall,

702 S Wright St., MC 452,

Urbana, IL  61801

04 Inter-State Conflict

139

471

LI Quan

Department of Political Science,

Pennsylvania State University,

203 Pond Laboratories,

University Park,

State College, PA

04 Inter-State Conflict

40

454

ONEAL John R.

Department of Political Science,

University of Alabama,

Tuscaloosa, AL 35487

04 Inter-State Conflict

184

450

GLEDITSCH Nils Petter

Department of Economics and Department of Sociology and Political Science,

Norwegian University of Science and Technology and

Centre for the Study of Civil War,

International Peace Research Institute,

Oslo, NORWAY

04 Inter-State Conflict

17

305

HUTH Paul K.

Department of Government & Politics,

University of Maryland,

3140 Tydings Hall,

College Park, MD 20742

04 Inter-State Conflict

30

286

CLARK David H.

Political Science Department,

Binghamton University,

PO Box 6000,

Binghamton, NY 13902-6000

04 Inter-State Conflict

48

208

REGAN Patrick M.

Department of Political Science,

Binghamton University,

PO Box 6000,
Binghamton, NY 13902-6000

04 Inter-State Conflict

29

202

GARTZKE Erik A.

Department of Political Science,

International Affairs Building, Rm. 1329,

420 W. 118th. St.,

New York, NY 10027

04 Inter-State Conflict

23

182

HEGRE Håvard

Department of Political Science

University of Oslo, Norway, Centre for the Study of Civil War

International Peace Research Institute,

Oslo, NORWAY

04 Inter-State Conflict

22

130

GARTNER Scott S.

Political Science Department,

265 SS&H,

University of California,

Davis, CA 95616

04 Inter-State Conflict

26

113

MITCHELL Sara M.

307 Schaeffer Hall,

Department of Political Science,

University of Iowa,

Iowa City, IA 52242

04 Inter-State Conflict

8

43

CRESCENZI Mark J. C.

Department of Political Science,

University of North Carolina,

Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3265

04 Inter-State Conflict

12

33

TIR Jaroslav

School of Public and International Affairs,

325  Candler Hall

University of Georgia,

Athens, GA 30602

04 Inter-State Conflict

16

31

CAPRIOLI Mary

Department of Political Science,

302A CinaH
1123 University Dr,

University of Minnesota,
Duluth, MN 55812

04 Inter-State Conflict

13

22

CHOI Seung-Whan

Department of Political Science,

University of Illinois at Chicago,

1122B BSB, MC 276,

1007 W. Harrison

Chicago IL 60607

04 Inter-State Conflict

8

18

TRUMBORE Peter F.

Department of Political Science,

Oakland University,

2200 N. Squirrel Road
Rochester, MI 48309-4401

05 Civil War

27

1951

MCADAM Doug

Sociology Department,

Bldg. 120 Room 138,

Stanford University,
Stanford, California 94305-2047

05 Civil War

139

1421

COLLIER Paul

Centre for the Study of African Economies,

Department of Economics,

University of Oxford

Wellington Square,

Oxford OX1 2JD, UK

05 Civil War

44

1367

MCCARTHY John D.

Sociology and Crime, Law & Justice,

The Pennsylvania State University,

211 Oswald Tower,

University Park, PA 16802-6207

05 Civil War

184

450

GLEDITSCH Nils Petter

Centre for the Study of Civil War,

International Peace Research Institute,

Hausmanns gate 7,

NO-0186 Oslo, NORWAY

05 Civil War

53

430

SNYDER Richard O.

Department of Political Science,

Brown University,

Providence, RI 02912

05 Civil War

25

263

JONES Seth G.

RAND Corp.,

1200 South Hayes St.,

Arlington, VA 22202-5050

05 Civil War

48

208

REGAN Patrick M.

Department of Political Science,

Binghamton University,

PO Box 6000,
Binghamton, NY 13902-6000

05 Civil War

9

185

ROSS Michael L.

Department of Political Science,

BOX 951472, 4289 Bunche,

University of California,

Los Angeles, CA  90095

05 Civil War

77

180

HUMPHREYS Macartan

Department of Political Science,

701 IAB, Columbia University,

2960 Broadway
New York, NY 10027-6900

05 Civil War

12

136

MACKINLAY John

Department of War Studies,

King’s College,

London, Strand,

London  WC2R 2LS UK

05 Civil War

30

132

MITCHELL Neil J.

Department of Political Science,

University of New Mexico,

MSC05 3070, 1

University of New Mexico,

Albuquerque NM 87131-0001

05 Civil War

43

121

BERGER Mark T.

Department of Defense Analysis,

Naval Postgraduate School,

1 University Circle
Monterey, CA 93943

05 Civil War

11

118

SAMBANIS Nicholas

Department of Political Science, Yale University,

PO BOX 208301,

New Haven, CT  06511-8932

05 Civil War

24

83

METZ Steven

Strategic Studies Institute,

United States Army War College,

122 Forbes Ave.,

Carlisle, PA 17013-5244

05 Civil War

15

51

HOLMES Jennifer S.

School of Economic,

Political and Policy Sciences,

University of Texas at Dallas,

800 West Campbell Rd,

Richardson, TX 75080-3021

05 Civil War

16

31

CAPRIOLI Mary

Department of Political Science,

302A CinaH
1123 University Dr,

University of Minnesota,
Duluth, MN 55812

05 Civil War

11

25

HAFEZ Mohammed M.

Department of Political Science,

University of Missouri-Kansas City,

5100 Rockhill Road

Kansas City, MO 64110-2499

05 Civil War

15

21

MCCORMICK Gordon H.

Department of Defense Analysis,

Center on Terrorism and Irregular Warfare,

589 Dyer Rd., Code DA, Room 200a,

Naval Postgraduate School,

Monterey, CA 93943

05 Civil War

6

9

BORER Douglas A.

Department of Defense Analysis,

Naval Postgraduate School,

1 University Circle
Monterey, CA 93943

05 Civil War

16

7

HOEFFLER Anke

Centre for the Study of African Economies,

Department of Economics,

University of Oxford,

Manor Road,

OX1 3UQ Oxford, UK

05 Civil War

53

4

FREEDMAN Lawrence D.

Department of War Studies,

King’s College,

London, Strand,

London  WC2R 2LS UK

06 Genocide

369

6271

STERNBERG Robert J.

Department of Psychology

Yale University

2 Hillhouse Ave

New Haven, CT  06511-6814

06 Genocide

672

3203

WILLIAMS Paul D.

Elliott School of International Affairs
George Washington University

1957 E Street, NW

Washington DC, 20052

06 Genocide

504

3074

LEWIS Jerome

London School of Economics and Political Science

University of London

Houghton Street

London WC2A 2AE UK

06 Genocide

652

2361

JONES Adam

27-900 43rd Ave

Vernon BC V1T 9C8

CANADA

06 Genocide

183

2025

HAGAN John L.

Department of Sociology

Northwestern University

1810 Chicago Ave

Evanston, IL 60208

06 Genocide

119

1605

BOND Michael Harris

Department of Psychology

Chinese University of Hong Kong

3rd Floor, Sino Building
Shatin, N.T.  Hong Kong, CHINA

06 Genocide

200

1491

SHAW Martin

Department of International Relations

University of Sussex

Sussex House
Brighton  BN1 9RH UK

06 Genocide

160

1370

SNYDER Jack

Department of Political Science

Columbia University

2960 Broadway
New York, NY 10027-6902

06 Genocide

40

1318

STAUB Ervin

Department of Psychology

University of Massachusetts

Amherst, MA 01003

06 Genocide

186

1170

CLARK Phil

Transitional Justice Institute

University of Ulster

Shore Road
Newtownabbey BT37 0QB UK

06 Genocide

56

1144

DUTTON Donald G.

Department of Psychology

University of British Columbia

2329 West Mall

Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4

CANADA

06 Genocide

67

1111

BATES Robert H.

John F. Kennedy School of Government
CGIS Knafel Bldg.
Harvard University

1737 Cambridge St
Cambridge MA 02138

06 Genocide

163

1106

FREEMAN Michael A.

Department of Government

University of Essex

Wivenhoe Park

Colchester, CO4 3SQ UK

06 Genocide

119

966

STONE Dan

Department of History

Royal Holloway

University of London

Egham Hill
Egham TW20 0EX UK

06 Genocide

65

886

MOORE Sally Falk

Department of Anthropology

350 William James Hall
Harvard University

33 Kirkland St
Cambridge MA 02138

06 Genocide

165

798

LARSON Eric B.

Department of Health Services

University of Washington

1730 Minor Ave, Ste 1600

Seattle, WA  98101

06 Genocide

149

729

TURNER Charles

Social Theory Centre

Room R2.26
University of Warwick
Coventry  CV4 7AL

UK

06 Genocide

42

442

LEMARCHAND René

University of Florida

PO Box 6120

Gainesville, FL 32611-6120

06 Genocide

152

424

BRODY Eugene B.

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
The Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital
6501 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, MD 21285-6815

06 Genocide

50

386

BARNETT Michael N.

Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs
Room 261 HHHCtr
University of Minnesota

301 19th Ave S
Minneapolis, MN 55455

06 Genocide

64

356

POWER Samantha

John F. Kennedy School of Government

Harvard University

79 J F Kennedy St
Cambridge MA 02138

06 Genocide

40

330

MIDLARSKY Manus I.

Department of Political Science

Rutgers University

89 George Street
New Brunswick, NJ   08901

06 Genocide

166

281

STRAUS Scott

Department of Political Science

University of Wisconsin-Madison

222 North Hall
1050 Bascom Mall
Madison, WI 53706

07 Other Atrocities

60

2662

BRIERE John

Department of Psychiatry & The Behavioral Sciences

University of Southern California

Los Angeles , CA 90089

07 Other Atrocities

276

2321

MILLER Elizabeth

Davis Medical Center

University of California

One Shields Ave.

Davis, CA 95616

07 Other Atrocities

107

1657

KILPATRICK Dean G.

Department of Psychiatry

Medical University of South Carolina

171 Ashley Ave.

Charleston, SC  29425

07 Other Atrocities

95

960

JOHNSON Michael P.

Department of Sociology

Pennsylvania State University

211 OSWALD TOWER

University Park, PA  16802-6207

07 Other Atrocities

172

930

STEWART Donna E.

Women’s Health Program

University Health Network

190 Elizabeth Street

Toronto ON M5G 2C4

CANADA

07 Other Atrocities

113

565

CAMPBELL Kirsten

Department of Sociology

Goldsmiths, University of London

New Cross

London SE14 6NW UK

07 Other Atrocities

25

219

OBERMEYER Carla Makhlouf

Department of HIV/AIDS

World Health Organization

Geneva, 1211

SWITZERLAND

07 Other Atrocities

57

186

LAST Murray

Department of Anthropology

University College London

Gower Street

London WC1E 6BT UK

07 Other Atrocities

26

184

ADEPOJU Aderanti

Human Resources Development Center

University of Lagos

Lagos

NIGERIA

07 Other Atrocities

43

161

LARSEN Ulla

Department of Sociology

University of Maryland

College Park, MD 20742-1315

07 Other Atrocities

13

150

KLIGMAN Gail

Department of Sociology

University of California

Box 951551, 264 HH
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1551

07 Other Atrocities

40

144

POWELL Richard A.

90 Kynaston Road

Bromley

Kent BR1 5AW UK

07 Other Atrocities

46

102

HANLEY Jill

Groupe d’études sur le racisme, la migration et l’exclusion

Université Libre de Bruxelles

Brussels BELGIUM

07 Other Atrocities

24

100

JOHANSEN Robert C.

Department of Political Science

O114 Hesburgh Center
University of Notre Dame

Notre Dame, IN 46556

07 Other Atrocities

40

99

HODGE David R.

Arizona State University

Department of Social Work

Arizona State University
PO Box 37100
Phoenix, AZ 85069-7100

07 Other Atrocities

9

92

LACZKO Frank

Research and Publication Division

International Organization for Migration

17, Route des Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 19

SWITZERLAND

08 Proliferation

95

2122

JERVIS Robert L.

Department of Political Science

Mail Code: 3347

Columbia University

2960 Broadway

New York, NY 10027-6900

08 Proliferation

206

1548

SMITH Michael E.

Robinson College of Business

Georgia State University

P.O. Box 3965

Atlanta, GA 30302-3965

08 Proliferation

65

1186

CHATTERJEE Partha

Department of Anthropology

Mail Code: 5538

Columbia University

2960 Broadway

New York, NY 10027-6900

08 Proliferation

21

788

ALLISON JR. Graham T.

JFK School of Government

L368

Harvard University

79 J F Kennedy St

Cambridge MA 02138

08 Proliferation

92

450

WALKER William

School of International Relations

University of St. Andrews

College Gate

St Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ, UK

08 Proliferation

67

414

RUSSELL Richard L.

National Defense University

Near East and South Asia Center for Strategic Studies

Fort Lesley J. McNair

Washington, DC 20319-5066

08 Proliferation

36

338

SAGAN Scott D.

Director of the Center for International Security and Cooperation

202E Encina Hall

Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-6165

08 Proliferation

102

286

BRAUN Chaim

Center for International Security and Cooperation

Encina Hall

Stanford University

Stanford, CA 94305-6165

08 Proliferation

35

286

HARRISON Selig S.

Center for International Policy

Suite 801

1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW

Washington, DC 20036

08 Proliferation

155

275

KRAUSE Joachim

Institute for Security Studies

Westring 400

University of Kiel

24098 Kiel GERMANY

08 Proliferation

40

217

GRAHAM JR.Thomas

Cypress Fund for Peace and Security

1601 Connecticut Avenue

Suite 200

Washington, DC 20009

08 Proliferation

29

202

GARTZKE Erik

Department of Political Science

International Affairs Building

Rm. 1329

420 W. 118th. St.

New York, NY 10027

08 Proliferation

50

178

KESSLER Carol

Center for Global Security

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

1100 Dexter Avenue North

Suite 400

Seattle (WA 98109-3598

08 Proliferation

48

153

MORGAN Patrick M.

Department of Political Science

5269 Social Sciences Plaza B

University of California

Irvine, CA 92697-5100

08 Proliferation

58

149

GARWIN Richard L.

Thomas J. Watson Research Center

IBM Corp.

P.O. Box 218

Yorktown Heights, NY 10598

08 Proliferation

33

146

FITZPATRICK Mark

The International Institute for Strategic Studies – US

1850 K Street NW

Suite 300

Washington, DC 20006

08 Proliferation

35

142

MALIK Mohan

Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies

2058 Maluhia Road

Honolulu, HI 96815

08 Proliferation

16

139

ROSEN Stephen P.

Department of Government and International Studies

Harvard University

CGIS Knafel Bldg.

1737 Cambridge St

Cambridge, MA 02138

08 Proliferation

31

131

CAMPBELL Kurt M.

Center for Strategic and International Studies

1800 K St. NW

Washington, DC 20006

08 Proliferation

8

119

ARBATOV Alexei

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Tverskaya  16/2

125009, Moscow RUSSIA

08 Proliferation

28

107

BYMAN Daniel

Center for Peace and Security Studies

School of Foreign Service

Georgetown University

3600 N St NW

Washington, DC  20057

08 Proliferation

46

102

LODGAARD Sverre

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

C.J. Hambros plass 2D

Pb 8159 Dep, 0033

Oslo, NORWAY

08 Proliferation

56

101

KATZ Mark N.

Department of Public & International Affairs

George Mason University

4400 University Drive

Fairfax, VA  22030

08 Proliferation

31

89

CHA Victor D.

Edmund Walsh School of Foreign Service

Georgetown University

37th & O St. NW

Washington, DC  20057

08 Proliferation

25

86

PANOFSKY Wolfgang K. H.

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center

2575 Sand Hill Rd
Menlo Park, CA 94025

08 Proliferation

26

69

MARTIN Curtis H.

Political Science Department

Merrimack College

315 Turnpike Street

North Andover, MA  01845

08 Proliferation

18

53

HECHT Gabrielle

Department of History

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, MI 48109

08 Proliferation

12

49

WESLEY Michael

Griffith Asia Institute
Level 1, Building N50
Nathan campus
Griffith University
170 Kessels Road
Nathan, Qld 4111 AUSTRALIA

08 Proliferation

46

39

WIRTZ James J.

Department of National Security Affairs

Naval Postgraduate School

1 University Circle
Monterey, CA 93943

08 Proliferation

3

36

SIMON Michael

International Relations Branch

SPARTA, Inc.

1911 Fort Myer Dr
Arlington, VA 22209

Arlington, VA

08 Proliferation

1

35

KOKOSHIN Andrei A.

School of World Politics

Moscow State University

Room 235,

Uchebniy Korpus 2

Leninskiye Gory, Moscow, 119899

RUSSIA

08 Proliferation

17

33

PILAT Joseph F.

Nonproliferation and International Security

Los Alamos National Laboratory

P.O. Box 1663
Los Alamos, NM  87545

08 Proliferation

14

32

HATHAWAY Robert M.

Woodrow Wilson International Center
Ronald Reagan Building
One Woodrow Wilson Plaza
1300 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20004-3027

09 Terrorism

262

5946

KLEIN Menachem

Department of Political Studies
Bar-Ilan University

Ramat-Gan 52900, ISRAEL

09 Terrorism

262

4750

SUNSTEIN Cass R.

Department of Political Science

University of Chicago Law School

1111 East 60th Street

Chicago, IL 60637

09 Terrorism

423

3466

TAYLOR Max

Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence

School of International Relations, University of St Andrews

College Gate, St Andrews

Fife KY16 9AJ Scotland UK

09 Terrorism

170

3375

FISCHHOFF Baruch

Department of Social & Decision Sciences

Carnegie Mellon University

5000 Forbes Ave

Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890

09 Terrorism

99

2766

ROZIN Paul

Department of Psychology

University of Pennsylvania

3451 Walnut Street

Philadelphia, PA 19104

09 Terrorism

110

2149

KRUGLANSKI Arie W.

Department of Psychology

University of Maryland

College Park, MD 20742-4411

09 Terrorism

95

2122

JERVIS Robert

Department of Political Science

Columbia University

2960 Broadway
New York, NY 10027-6902

09 Terrorism

166

2001

BEUTLER Larry E.

Pacific Graduate School of Psychology
935 East Meadow Drive
Palo Alto, CA 94303

09 Terrorism

346

1880

WRIGHT Joanne

European Studies Office

Royal Holloway, University of London

Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX UK

09 Terrorism

67

1784

NISKANEN William A.

The Cato Institute

1000 Massachusetts Ave. NW

Washington, DC 20001

09 Terrorism

41

1727

KINDER Donald R.

Political Science Department

5700 Haven Hall
505 S. State

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, MI 48109

09 Terrorism

146

1268

KAPLAN Jeffrey

Department of Religious Studies

University of Wisconsin

800 Algoma Blvd.
Oshkosh, WI 54901

09 Terrorism

97

1221

HILLMAN Arye L.

Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies

Bar-Ilan University

Ramat Gan, 52900

ISRAEL

09 Terrorism

112

1212

MORGAN Matthew J.

Department of International Studies

Bentley College

175 Forest Street
Waltham, MA 02452

09 Terrorism

373

1210

ROBERTS Adam

International Relations

University of Oxford

Wellington Square

Oxford OX1 2JD UK

09 Terrorism

169

1044

SHAPIRO Jeremy

Center for the United States and Europe

The Brookings Institution

1775 Massachusetts Ave. NW

Washington, DC 20036

09 Terrorism

93

1035

BUZAN Barry

London School of Economics and Political Science

Houghton Street

London WC2A 2AE UK

09 Terrorism

90

961

MUELLER John

Ohio State University

105A Mershn Ctr.

1501 Neil Ave.

Columbus, OH  43201

09 Terrorism

89

952

BERMAN Eli

Department of Economics

University of California, San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0508

09 Terrorism

118

947

JORDAN Javier

Universidad de Granada

Hospital Real. Cuesta del Hospicio

s/n. 18071

Granada, SPAIN

09 Terrorism

144

939

SANDLER Todd

School of International Relations

Von Kleinsmid Center 330

University of Southern California

Los Angeles, CA 90089-0043

09 Terrorism

78

869

BLOOM Mia

School of Public & International Affairs
Baldwin Hall
University of Georgia
Athens, GA  30602-1615

09 Terrorism

163

866

JONES David Martin

Department of Political Science and International Studies

University of Queensland

Brisbane QLD 4072

AUSTRALIA

09 Terrorism

51

833

PRATTO Felicia

Department of Psychology

University of Connecticut

406 Babbidge Rd., Unit 1020

Storrs, CT 06269-1020

09 Terrorism

51

812

ENDERS Walter

Department of Economics, Finance, and Legal Studies

Culverhouse College of Commerce & Business Administration

University of Alabama

Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0024

09 Terrorism

41

811

FLETCHER George P.

School of Law

Mail Code: 4036

Columbia University

2960 Broadway
New York, NY 10027-6902

09 Terrorism

75

711

MCCAULEY Clark

Department of Psychology

Bryn Mawr College

101 North Merion Ave.

Bryn Mawr, PA  19010-2899

09 Terrorism

36

690

LEWIS Jeffrey W.

International Studies Program

Ohio State University

3086 Derby

154 N Oval Mall

Columbus, OH  43210

09 Terrorism

119

612

COOK David

Department of Religious Studies

Rice University

6100 Main

Houston, TX 77005

10 Transnational Crime

530

5823

DAVIS Madeleine

Department of Politics

Queen Mary

University of London

Mile End Road

London E1 4NS UK

10 Transnational Crime

613

3063

WILLIAMS Paul

School of International Service

American University

4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW

Washington, DC 20016-8071

10 Transnational Crime

200

1491

SHAW Mark

Human Security Branch

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

Vienna International Centre

P.O. Box 500

A-1400 Vienna AUSTRIA

10 Transnational Crime

160

1370

SNYDER Jack L.

Department of Political Science

Columbia University

420 W. 118th Street

New York, NY 10027

10 Transnational Crime

113

629

WAGNER Wolfgang

Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Hessische Stiftung Friedens- und Konfliktforschung
Leimenrode 29
D-60322 Frankfurt am Main, GERMANY

10 Transnational Crime

104

559

RUSSELL Steve

Indiana University
Wylie Hall 105
100 South Woodlawn
Bloomington , IN 47405

10 Transnational Crime

21

478

CLARKE Ronald V.

School of Criminal Justice

Rutgers

23 Washington Street
Newark, NJ   07102

10 Transnational Crime

50

386

BARNETT Michael

Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs
University of Minnesota
301 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455

10 Transnational Crime

24

342

PUNCH Maurice

Mannheim Centre for Criminology

London School of Economics and Political Science

Houghton Street

London WC2A 2AE UK

10 Transnational Crime

55

268

GILL Peter

School of Social Science

Liverpool John Moores University

Clarence St. Building

Clarence St.

LIVERPOOL L3 5UG UK

10 Transnational Crime

47

265

JACKSON Nicole J.

Department of Politics and International Studies

University of Warwick

Coventry, CV4 7AL UK

10 Transnational Crime

46

253

ZHANG Sheldon X.

Department of Sociology

Mail Code: 4423

San Diego State University

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182

10 Transnational Crime

39

244

MAKKAI Toni

Australian Institute of Criminology

GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT 2601

AUSTRALIA

10 Transnational Crime

27

183

ANDREAS Peter R.

Department of Political Science

Brown University

Providence RI 02912

10 Transnational Crime

7

121

CHIN Ko-Lin

School of Criminal Justice

Rutgers University

123 Washington Street
Newark, NJ 07102

10 Transnational Crime

28

86

DEFLEM Mathieu

Department of Sociology

Sloan College 217

University of South Carolina

Columbia, SC 29208

10 Transnational Crime

14

107

MUNCIE John

Department of Social Sciences

The Open University

The Open University
Walton Hall
Milton Keynes MK7 6AA UK

10 Transnational Crime

16

61

FRIMAN H. Richard

Department of Political Science

William Wehr Physics Room 468A

Marquette University

P.O. Box 1881

Milwaukee, WI 53233

10 Transnational Crime

14

46

CROALL Hazel

Division of Sociology
Department of Government

University of Strathclyde

16 Richmond Street

Glasgow G1 1XQ Scotland UK

 

Note: Citation Analysis for the other 20 factors will be done as funding is received.  Each costs roughly $1000.  Alternatively, any academic library able to do a RANK command on File 7 in DIALOG, for any one or more topics, could send the raw results to bear@oss.net and we will post the results into this table.

2007 Threat #01 Poverty Top Cited Authors

Authors & Experts

Following are the top published and most cited authors on poverty. We are asking them to idenitfy the top unpublished experts and invite both groups to use this wiki.

Author Articles Citations
RAVALLION M 76 1110
World Bank, MSN MC 3- 306
Development Research Group,
1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433

LICHTER DT 29 823
Cornell Univ,
Dept Policy Anal & Management,
Ithaca, NY, 14853

DUNCAN GJ 26 2612
Northwestern Univ,
Inst Policy Res,
2040 Sheridan Rd,
Evanston, IL, 60208

DANZIGER S 25 1515
Univ Michigan,
Gerald R Ford Sch Publ Policy,
015 E Huron St,
Ann Arbor, MI, 48104

KAWACHI I 23 2017
Harvard Univ,
Sch Publ Hlth,
Dept Soc Human Dev & Hlth,
Boston, MA

KRIEGER N 23 1976
Harvard Univ,
Sch Publ Hlth,
Dept Soc Human Dev & Hlth,
Boston, MA, 02115

RANK MR 21 317
Washington Univ,
St Louis, MO, 63130

JENKINS SP 20 383
Univ Essex,
Inst Social & Econ Res,
Colchester CO4 3SQ, Essex, England

JENSEN L 19 568
Population Research Institute,
Pennsylvania State University

MASSEY DS 19 3391
Princeton Univ,
Off Populat Res,
Wallace Hall,
Princeton, NJ, 08544

NOLAN B 19 319
Natl Inst Econ & Social Res,
4 Burlington Rd,
Dublin 4, Ireland

MCLAUGHLIN DK 18 180
Penn State Univ,
Dept Agr Econ & Rural Sociol,
University Pk, PA, 16802

BARRETT CB 17 332
Cornell Univ,
Dept Appl Econ & Management,
Ithaca, NY, 14853

GAIHA R 17 146
Univ Delhi,
Fac Management Studies,
Delhi 110007, India

NEWACHECK PW 16 1270
Univ Calif San Francisco,
Dept Social & Behav Sci,
San Francisco, CA, 94118

SUBRAMANIAN SV 16 273
Center for Society and Health,
Harvard School of Public Health,
Boston, MA

THORBECKE E 16 226
Cornell Univ,
Ithaca, NY, 14853

LANJOUW P 15 176
Brookings Institution,
Massachusetts Avenue NW,
Washington, DC

Brooks-Gunn J 14 2993
Child Development and Education,
Teachers College,
Columbia University,
New York, NY

DATT G 14 237
World Bank Grp,
SE Asia & Pacific Reg,
Level 19, 14 Martin Pl,
Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia

DUCLOS JY 14 76
Univ Laval,
Dept Econ,
Quebec City, PQ G1K 7P4,
Canada

GERONIMUS AT 14 907
Univ Michigan, Sch Publ Hlth,
Dept Hlth Behav & Hlth Educ,
Ann Arbor, MI, 48109

GUSTAFSSON B 14 530
Univ Gothenburg,
Dept Social Work,
S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden

HIRSCHL TA 14 52
Cornell Univ,
Pop & Dev Program,
Ithaca, NY, 14853

SMEEDING TM 14 382
Syracuse Univ,
Ctr Policy Res,
Syracuse, NY, 13244

ZHENG BH 14 45
Univ Colorado,
Dept Econ,
Denver, CO, 80217

GARFINKEL I 13 954
Columbia Univ,
Sch Social Work,
622 W 113th St,
New York, NY, 10027

PLOTNICK RD 13 436
Univ Washington,
Seattle, WA, 98195

SAHN DE 13 274
Cornell Univ,
Cornell Food Nutr Policy Program,
3M12 MVR Hall,
Ithaca, NY, 14853

SAUNDERS P 13 1777
Ctr Independent Studies,
Sydney, NSW, Australia

TOWNSEND P 13 3179
Department of Sociology,
University of Essex,
Wivenhoe Park,
Colchester, Essex, UK

WHELAN CT 13 164
Econ & Social Res Inst,
Dublin, Ireland

DORLING D 12 328
Univ Sheffield,
Sheffield S10 2TN, S Yorkshire, UK

KAKWANI N 12 525
Univ New S Wales,
Sch Econ,
Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

KANBUR R 12 489
Cornell Univ,
Ithaca, NY, 14853

LIDDLE PF 12 1676
Univ Nottingham,
Nottingham NG7 2RD UK

LIPTON M 12 2473
Poverty Research Institute,
Sussex University, Brighton, UK

LOKSHIN M 12 56
World Bank, Dev Res Grp,
1818 H St NW,
Washington, DC, 20433

MALLA AK 12 408
McGill University and Douglas Hospital Research Centre,
6875 Boul. LaSalle,
Verdun, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H4H 1R3

MEAD LM 12 411
NYU,
550 1St Ave,
New York, NY, 10012

SADOULET E 12 124
Univ Calif Berkeley,
Berkeley, CA, 94720

SMITH KR 12 623
Univ Utah,
Huntsman Canc Inst,
Dept Family & Consumer Studies,
Salt Lake City, UT, 84112

YOSHIKAWA H 12 594
Harvard Univ, Grad Sch Educ,
Larsen Hall, Room 704,
Appian Way,
Cambridge, MA, 02138

EAMON MK 11 54
School of Social Work,
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,
Urbana, Illinois, 61801

ELLIS F 11 533
Univ E Anglia,
Sch Dev Studies,
Norwich NR4 7TJ,
Norfolk, UK

HALFON N 11 595
UCLA Schools of Medicine,
Public Health, Public Policy, and Social Research,
Los Angeles, CA

KAPLAN GA 11 2414
University of Michigan School of Public Health
and Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health
Ann Arbor, MI 48104

MEYER DR 11 737
Institute for Research on Poverty,
Univ Wisconsin,
Madison, WI, 53706

NORMAN RMG 11 598
Univ Western Ontario,
Prevent & Early Intervent Program Psychoses,
London, ON, Canada

OZAWA MN 11 253
Washington Univ,
George Warren Brown Sch Social Work,
St Louis, MO, 63130

WALDFOGEL J 11 555
Columbia University
School of Social Work,
New York, New York

BAULCH B 10 102
Univ Sussex,
Inst Dev Studies,
Brighton, E Sussex, England

CHEN SH 10 310
Natl Chengchi Univ,
Dept Econ,
AI ECON Res Ctr,
Taipei 116, Taiwan

DEININGER K 10 624
World Bank,
Dev Res Grp,
1818 H St NW,
Washington, DC, 20433

DERCON S 10 205
Department of Economics,
University of Oxford,
Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UQ, UK

EVANS GW 10 1969
Univ Oregon,
Eugene, OR, 97403

HAVEMAN R 10 876
Univ Wisconsin,
Dept Econ,
Madison, WI, 53706

HOLDEN KC 10 292
UNIV WISCONSIN,
DEPT CONSUMER SCI,
MADISON, WI, 53706

JACKSON AP 10 224
University of Pittsburgh
School of Social Work,
2117 Cathedral of Learning,
Pittsburgh, PA 15260

LEVENTHAL T 10 432
Johns Hopkins Univ,
Inst Policy Studies,
3400 N Charles St,
Wyman Bldg,
Baltimore, MD 21218

MCLOYD VC 10 1605
Univ N Carolina,
Dept Psychol,
CB 3270, Davie Hall,
Chapel Hill, NC, 27599

PRESSMAN S 10 90
Monmouth Univ,
Dept Econ & Finance,
W Long Branch, NJ, 07764

ROZELLE S 10 258
Univ Calif Davis,
Dept Agr & Resource Econ,
Davis, CA, 95616

SAMPSON RJ 10 3493
Harvard Univ,
Dept Sociol,
William James Hall,
Cambridge, MA, 02138

SATTERTHWAITE D 10 170
Human Settlements Programme,
International Institute for Environment and Development,
3 Endsleigh Street,
London WC1H ODD, UK

SHAW M 10 1451
Department of Social Medicine,
University of Bristol,
Bristol BS8 2PR, UK

SHEK DTL 10 507
Chinese Univ Hong Kong,
Dept Social Work,
Social Welf Practice & Res Ctr,
Shatin, Hong Kong, Peoples Republic of China

WACQUANT L 10 416
Univ Calif Berkeley,
Dept Sociol,
Berkeley, CA, 94720

ABER JL 9 512
NYU,
Steinhardt Sch Educ,
New York, NY,

ALCOCK P 9 173
Univ Birmingham,
Birmingham B15 2TT,
W Midlands, UK

BOUND J 9 1716
Univ Michigan,
Sch Publ Hlth,
Dept Hlth Behav & Hlth Educ,
Ann Arbor, MI, 48109

BRADSHAW J 9 1006
Social Policy Research Unit,
University of York,
Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK

BRAVEMAN P 9 494
Department of Family and Community Medicine
and Center on Social Disparities in Health,
University of California San Francisco,
500 Parnassus Avenue MU-3E,
San Francisco, CA 94143-0900

BURKHAUSER RV 9 771
Department of Policy Analysis and Management,
Cornell University and German Institute for Economic Research,
Ithaca, NY

CHEN JT 9 78
Department of Society, Human Development and Health,
Harvard School of Public Health,
677 Huntington Ave,
Kresge 7th Floor,
Boston MA 02115-6096

DREZE J 9 1661
GB Pant Social Sci Inst,
Allahabad,
Uttar Pradesh, India

FIELDS GS 9 865
Cornell University,
250 Ives Hall,
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901

FREEMAN L 9 448
Columbia Univ,
New York, NY, 10027

GALSTER GC 9 530
Department of Geography and Urban Planning,
Wayne State University,
Detroit, MI 48202

GELBERG L 9 464
Univ Calif Los Angeles,
David Geffen Sch Med,
Dept Family Med,
Los Angeles, CA, 90024

GILBERT A 9 1125
Univ Ottawa,
Dept Geog,
Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5,
Canada

GOTTSCHALK P 9 830
Department of Economics,
Boston College,
140 Commonwealth Avenue,
Chestnut Hill,
Boston, MA 02467

GUNDERSEN C 9 43
Iowa State Univ Sci & Technol,
Dept Human Dev & Family Studies,
74 LeBaron Hall,
Ames, IA, 50011

HULME D 9 387
Institute for Development Policy and Management
Crawford House,
Precinct Centre Oxford Road,
Manchester M13 9GH UK

KENNEDY BP 9 554
Harvard Univ,
Sch Publ Hlth,
Dept Hlth Policy & Management,
Boston, MA, 02115

KIM S 9 1281
Institute for Health Policy Studies,
University of California, San Francisco,
San Francisco, CA

PATEL V 9 570
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine;
and Chairperson, The Sangath Society for
Child Development and Family Guidance, India

PENDER J 9 75
Environment and Production Technology Division
International Food Policy Research Institute
2033 K St., N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20006

PIACHAUD D 9 279
Univ London
London Sch Econ & Polit Sci,
London WC2A 2AE, UK

RAMEY CT 9 1081
Georgetown University
Center on Health and Education,
Georgetown University, Washington, DC

ROGERSON CM 9 217
University of the Witwatersrand,
Johannesburg, South Africa

SIMON D 9 815
Univ Hosp Freiburg,
Dept Psychiat & Psychotherapy,
Sect Clin Epidemiol & Hlth Serv Res,
Hauptstr 5, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany

SMITH GD 9 1566
Dept. of Social Medicine,
Univ. of Bristol, Bristol, UK

WALKER R 9 2212
The University of Nottingham,
University Park,
Nottingham NG7 2RD UK

WHITE H 9 7859
Institute of Development Studies,
University of Sussex Location:
Brighton, UK

2007 Threat #01 Poverty Top Books

Earth Threat #1: Poverty

A Listmania! list by Robert David STEELE Vivas (Oakton, VA United States)
(TOP 500 REVIEWER)    (HALL OF FAME REVIEWER)
The list author says: “There are ten threats, twelve policies, and eight players other than the EU and USA that matter if we are to get a grip on our future. Each of these 30 topics is addressed at www.earth-intelligence.net, and in Amazon discussion groups being created to bring together authors and readers to form a global information sharing network that will be superior to what secret intelligence and secret government bureaucracies can put together. This is how we save Humanity and our Earth–by taking back the power over relevant information and the policies that have here-to-fore been dominated by special interests instead of ourselves, the taxpayers and end-users.”
Creating a World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism
1.  Creating a World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism by Muhammad Yunus
The list author says:
“One of top four books in the field, by a proven social entrepreneur.  Earth Intelligence Network seeks to provide the poor with micro-knowledge the way this gentleman did with micro-loans.”
Used & New from: $0.01
4.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (59 customer reviews) | 1 customer discussion
See buying options
The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It
2.  The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It by Paul Collier
The list author says:
“The bottom billion are those in extreme poverty–living on less than a dollar or two a day.”
$22.10   Used & New from: $2.01
4.3 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (95 customer reviews) | 1 customer discussion
The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time
3.  The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time by Jeffrey Sachs
The list author says:
“See my longer review.  I agree with this author, who condemns the “economics” of the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization as both ignorant and destructive of developing countries.”
$11.56   Used & New from: $0.25
3.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (155 customer reviews) | 4 customer discussions
Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America
4.  Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America by Barbara Ehrenreich
The list author says:
“This book really got to me.  When I realized that some people are so poor that their refrigerator is a plastic bag in the toilet water tank, I was shaken.”
Used & New from: $0.01
3.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1,345 customer reviews) | 2 customer discussions
See buying options
A Framework for Understanding Poverty
5.  A Framework for Understanding Poverty by Ruby K. Payne
The list author says:
“Helpful.  See the end of the list for several books and two DVDs on immoral predatory capitalism that causes poverty at home and abroad.”
$19.60   Used & New from: $5.03
3.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (193 customer reviews) | 1 customer discussion
Banker To The Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty
6.  Banker To The Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty by Muhammad Yunus
The list author says:
“Nobel Prize material–see also C. K. Prahalad’s book on “The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid.””
$10.20   Used & New from: $0.01
4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (99 customer reviews)
Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor (California Series in Public Anthropology)
7.  Pathologies of Power: Health, Human Rights, and the New War on the Poor (California Series in Public Anthropology) by Paul Farmer
The list author says:
“The title sums it up nicely.  What the rich fail to understand–which the elite in NYC understood in the 1920’s–is that poverty breeds infectuous disease, and as Larry Brilliant (Google.org) likes to point out, infectuous disease is indiscriminate–it has killed over twenty Popes, Presidents, Kings, Queens, and Prime Ministers.”
$16.10   Used & New from: $6.82
4.3 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (31 customer reviews)
The Working Poor: Invisible in America
8.  The Working Poor: Invisible in America by David K. Shipler
The list author says:
“This book grabbed me.  See my longer review.  The author is correct, is you are working you should not be poor, but the reality is that we are making less now in real dollars than we did in the early 1970’s, CEOs are looting their own corportions while exporting jobs to child and sweatshop labor.  My personal estimate is that the dollar is today (2007) worth half what it wwas in the late 1980’s.”
$10.88   Used & New from: $1.41
4.3 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (101 customer reviews)
The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits
9.  The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid: Eradicating Poverty Through Profits by C. K. Prahalad
The list author says:
“Utterly brilliant.  He should get a Nobel prize.  Top billion can afford disposable sub-zero refrigerators.  Bottom four billion need a two-dollar ceramic refrigerator, two long-necked containers with an air gap between them, that when buried in the ground will keep meat fresh for five days.”
Used & New from: $0.69
4.4 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (71 customer reviews)
See buying options
Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life
10.  Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life by Annette Lareau
The list author says:
“There is PLENTY of money, it is just badly distributed and badly managed.  Every child should be able to sleep in a clean place sheltered from the weather, not go to sleep hungry, and have clean water to drink.  This is not rocket science, it is just evil tolerated by too many.”
Used & New from: $1.50
4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (31 customer reviews)
See buying options
A Billion Bootstraps: Microcredit, Barefoot Banking, and The Business Solution for Ending Poverty
11.  A Billion Bootstraps: Microcredit, Barefoot Banking, and The Business Solution for Ending Poverty by Philip B. Smith
The list author says:
“Excellent reference.  As soon as I can get Earth Intelligence Network pumped up, we add to this a free cell phone for every neighborhood, and free on demand education (“how do I…” via cell phone in 33 languages and eventually in 183 languages.”
$15.91   Used & New from: $0.01
4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (19 customer reviews)
Off the Books: The Underground Economy of the Urban Poor
12.  Off the Books: The Underground Economy of the Urban Poor by Sudhir Alladi Venkatesh
The list author says:
“I found this book inspiring.  See my longer review.”
Used & New from: $8.93
3.7 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (30 customer reviews) | 1 customer discussion
See buying options
The Mole People: Life in the Tunnels Beneath New York City
13.  The Mole People: Life in the Tunnels Beneath New York City by Jennifer Toth
The list author says:
“Wow!”
$11.53   Used & New from: $0.81
3.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (141 customer reviews)
Poor People
14.  Poor People by William T. Vollmann
The list author says:
“Another perspective.”
Used & New from: $0.11
3.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (20 customer reviews)
See buying options
Promises I Can Keep: Why Poor Women Put Motherhood Before Marriage
15.  Promises I Can Keep: Why Poor Women Put Motherhood Before Marriage by Kathryn Edin
The list author says:
“Understanding Part I.”
Used & New from: $13.09
4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (25 customer reviews)
See buying options
Ain't No Makin' It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood, Second Edition with a New Foreword by Joe Feagin
16.  Ain’t No Makin’ It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood, Second Edition with a New Foreword by Joe Feagin by Jay MacLeod
The list author says:
“Understanding Part II.”
Used & New from: $0.01
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (18 customer reviews)
See buying options
Ending Poverty in America: How to Restore the American Dream
17.  Ending Poverty in America: How to Restore the American Dream by Arne L. Kalleberg
The list author says:
“He has no idea.  No one–no one–is eligible to be President of this great nation until they can talk intelligently about the ten threats, twelve policies, and eight challengers, while also appointing a transpartisan sunshine cabinet in advance of election, and signing the electoral reform pledge (all this and more at www.citizens-party.org).”
$18.93   Used & New from: $0.01
3.3 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (3 customer reviews)
Less Is More: An Anthology of Ancient & Modern Voices Raised in Praise of Simplicity
18.  Less Is More: An Anthology of Ancient & Modern Voices Raised in Praise of Simplicity by Goldian VandenBroeck
The list author says:
“Absolutely dead on.”
$12.89   Used & New from: $6.40
4.2 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (9 customer reviews)
When Work Disappears : The World of the New Urban Poor
19.  When Work Disappears : The World of the New Urban Poor by William J. Wilson
The list author says:
“Worth noting.  The poor all over the world are rushing the cities.  It’s all connected.  See especially Earth Threat #2: Infectuous Disease.”
$12.41   Used & New from: $0.63
3.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (23 customer reviews)
Our Day to End Poverty: 24 Ways You Can Make a Difference (BK Currents (Paperback))
20.  Our Day to End Poverty: 24 Ways You Can Make a Difference (BK Currents (Paperback)) by Karen Speerstra
The list author says:
“Not serioius until we restore self-governance and start waging peace, but might as well feel good in the meantime.”
$11.21   Used & New from: $0.01
4.9 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (7 customer reviews)
The New Friars: The Emerging Movement Serving the World's Poor
21.  The New Friars: The Emerging Movement Serving the World’s Poor by Scott Bessenecker
The list author says:
“I really admire this, and I also believe in liberation theology, which the current neo-Nazi Pope is trying to stamp out.”
$12.75   Used & New from: $0.01
4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (15 customer reviews)
The Betrayal of Work: How Low-Wage Jobs Fail 30 Million Americans
22.  The Betrayal of Work: How Low-Wage Jobs Fail 30 Million Americans by Beth Shulman
The list author says:
“Right on.  If I ever have a President listen to me, there will be two tax rates for corporations: one for those that have unions, and one for those that do not.”
$12.37   Used & New from: $1.64
3.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (8 customer reviews)
Bridges Out of Poverty: Strategies for Professionals and Communities
23.  Bridges Out of Poverty: Strategies for Professionals and Communities by Ruby K. Payne
The list author says:
“I like this in part because I believe that no community should fail those who are willing to work but fall into poverty.”
Used & New from: $4.88
4.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (5 customer reviews)
See buying options
The Lords of Poverty: The Power, Prestige, and Corruption of the International Aid Business
24.  The Lords of Poverty: The Power, Prestige, and Corruption of the International Aid Business by Graham Hancock
The list author says:
“I agree with this.  See also William Shawcross, Deliver Us from Evil, on how our mis-directed “humanitarian” assistance creates black markets and prolongs civil conflicts.”
$12.25   Used & New from: $5.12
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (25 customer reviews)
Submerge: Living Deep in a Shallow World: Service, Justice and Contemplation Among the World's Poor
25.  Submerge: Living Deep in a Shallow World: Service, Justice and Contemplation Among the World’s Poor by John B. Hayes
The list author says:
“Worthy.  I would like to restore universal service with one big difference: not only does every American serve after high school or after college if they sign  a contract prior to entering college, but they can choose one of three paths: armed forces, peace corps, or homeland service teaching or helping the poor.  Immigrants desiring citizenship must sserve two years to qualify.”
$12.40   Used & New from: $3.12
4.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (25 customer reviews)
The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy
26.  The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy by William J. Wilson
The list author says:
“Useful overview.”
Used & New from: $0.01
4.1 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (7 customer reviews)
See buying options
One Nation, Underprivileged: Why American Poverty Affects Us All
27.  One Nation, Underprivileged: Why American Poverty Affects Us All by Mark R. Rank
The list author says:
“Bingo.”
$19.81   Used & New from: $1.74
4.4 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (22 customer reviews)
Awakening Hippocrates: A Primer on Health, Poverty, And Global Service
28.  Awakening Hippocrates: A Primer on Health, Poverty, And Global Service by Edward O’Neil
The list author says:
“Provocative.”
$25.51   Used & New from: $13.63
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (2 customer reviews)
Understanding Poverty
29.  Understanding Poverty by Sheldon H. Danziger
The list author says:
“Helpful.”
$31.99   Used & New from: $0.63
4.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review) | 1 customer discussion
Promises Not Kept: Poverty and The Betrayal of Third World Development
30.  Promises Not Kept: Poverty and The Betrayal of Third World Development by John Isbister
The list author says:
“See the books on predatory capitalism at the top of the list.”
$18.13   Used & New from: $6.89
2.2 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (4 customer reviews)
The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order
31.  The Globalization of Poverty and the New World Order by Michel Chossudovsky
The list author says:
“Important thoughtful views.”
$15.63   Used & New from: $10.43
4.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (13 customer reviews)
The Manufacture of Evil: Ethics, Evolution and the Industrial System
32.  The Manufacture of Evil: Ethics, Evolution and the Industrial System by Lionel Tiger
The list author says:
“Core book on how industrial era killed trust, kinship, and ethics.”
Used & New from: $0.24
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (3 customer reviews)
See buying options
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man
33.  Confessions of an Economic Hit Man by John Perkins
The list author says:
“No more than 10% of this book is flakey (working for NSA).  This is pure gold and needs to be taken very seriously.”
$10.88   Used & New from: $1.94
3.6 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (913 customer reviews) | 2 customer discussions
The Battle for the Soul of Capitalism
34.  The Battle for the Soul of Capitalism by John C. Bogle
The list author says:
“The author nails it–our financial system is consolidating wealth at the top, looting the commonwealth, and destroying the seed corn of our nation, educated fully employed people.”
$18.00   Used & New from: $0.01
4.5 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (31 customer reviews)
The Soul of Capitalism: Opening Paths to a Moral Economy
35.  The Soul of Capitalism: Opening Paths to a Moral Economy by William Greider
The list author says:
“This brilliant book nails it–immoral predatory capitalism is killing the USA as well as the rest of the world.”
$11.73   Used & New from: $0.63
4.1 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (22 customer reviews)
Pathology Of Power
36.  Pathology Of Power by Cousins Norman
The list author says:
“Applies to corporations as well as governments.”
$18.95   Used & New from: $0.01
5.0 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (1 customer review)
The Corporation
37.  The Corporation DVD ~ Milton Friedman
The list author says:
“This is a MUST for every Amewrican.  Host a party and show this one week-end, and Wal-Mart the next.  Then show Bush’s Brain DVD.  See my list of serious DVDs.”
$19.93   Used & New from: $7.68
4.2 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (219 customer reviews)
Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price
38.  Wal-Mart: The High Cost of Low Price DVD ~ Robert Greenwald
The list author says:
“Absolutely riveting.  Wal-Mart is not only killing local economies for a 150 miles around each store, putting people into poverty, but they are polluting the oceans with their fish farms and wasting vast amounts of oil bringing cheap goods from sweatshops in China to the USA.”
$22.99   Used & New from: $1.26
3.8 out of 5 stars  See all reviews (228 customer reviews)

2007 Threat #01 Poverty Top Centers

EIN Starting Points/Rank

ActionAid Internationalexternal link
Founded in 1972, based in S. Africa, works with local partners to fight poverty and injustice worldwide, reaching over 13 million of the poorest and most vulnerable people over the last year alone, helping them fight for and gain their rights to food, shelter, work, education, healthcare and a voice in the decisions that affect their lives. 1

European Anti-Poverty Network (EAPN)external link
A representative network of NGOs and groups involved in the fight against poverty and social exclusion in the Member States of the European Union. English and French, with many documents are available in other languages. 2

Inter-American Development Bank – Sustainable Development Dept.external link
Poverty & Inequality Unit – The mission of the Unit is to provide technical leadership for the Bank and its member governments in the areas of poverty reduction and promoting social equity, and to contribute to enhancing the quality of the Bank’s lending and non-lending activities so as to increase their impact on poverty reduction and social equity. 3

Overseas Development Institute – Poverty & Public Policy Groupexternal link
PPPG’s mission is to contribute through research, advice and communication to measures that work effectively towards the goal of eradicating poverty on a global scale. The research spans all aspects of public policy for poverty reduction, including “upstream” policy and management issues and “downstream” analysis of the causes of poverty and social exclusion. 4

World Bank – Poverty Netexternal link
Provides an introduction to key issues as well as in-depth information on poverty measurement, monitoring, analysis, and on poverty reduction strategies for researchers and practitioners. 5

Oxfamexternal link
Development, relief, and campaigning organisation that works with others to find lasting solutions to poverty and suffering around the world. 6

Development Gateway – Povertyexternal link
Working with governments, international donors and private local and global organizations, DG focuses on areas where Internet processes can deliver high impact results, such as public procurement, aid fund management, aid coordination, and the rapid exchange of lessons and best practices. 7

UNITUSexternal link
A U.S. and India-based nonprofit organization taking a hybrid approach to fighting global poverty using proven strategies from the venture capital, investment banking and strategy consulting industries. 8

Catholic Campaign for Human Development-Poverty USAexternal link
Provides facts about poverty in America as well as information on organizations, communities, and individuals addressing the issue. 9

GTZexternal link
Germany-based GTZ provides viable, forward-looking solutions for political, economic, ecological and social development in a globalized world. We support complex reforms and change processes. All our activities are geared to improving people’s living conditions and prospects on a sustainable basis. Site also in French and German. 10

Poverty Mappingexternal link
Maintained by UNEP, promoting the use of poverty maps in policy making and targeting assistance, particularly in the areas of food security and environmental management. 11

Eldis Poverty Research Guideexternal link
Supports the analyses of poverty and related implications of social and economic policies within Africa, Asia and Latin America. A knowledge service of UK-based Institute of Development Studies. 12

Earth Instituteexternal link
Columbia University – brings together talent from throughout the university to address complex issues facing the planet and its inhabitants, with particular focus on sustainable development and the needs of the world’s poor. 13

Asia Productivity Organizationexternal link
APO’s mission is to contribute to the socioeconomic development of Asia and the Pacific through enhancing productivity by strengthening competitiveness, harmonizing environmental protection, and enhancing social fairness. 14

ONEexternal link
Aims to help Americans raise their voice as ONE against the emergency of AIDS and extreme poverty, so that decision makers will do more to save millions of lives in the poorest countries by allocating an additional ONE percent of the U.S. budget toward providing basic needs like health, education, clean water and food. 15

Third World Network Africaexternal link
An NGO which carries out Research and Advocacy on issues of social and economic policy that advances the needs and interests of peoples of African and other third world countries (especially marginalized social groups), a fair distribution of world’s resources, and forms of development which are sustainable and fulfill human needs. 16

Economic Development Directoryexternal link
Directory of websites of over 2000 economic development agencies, consultants and associations worldwide. Every website listed has significant economic development information. 17

2007 Threat #01 Poverty Forecast

PDF: Poverty

THREAT:  Poverty

Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach him how to fish and you feed him for a lifetime. – attributed to. Lao Tzu

Poverty in the developing world should not be confused with emergencies. Anyone can have a sudden need for food and shelter (New Orleans after Katrina). International programs against “poverty” go beyond this to building the capacity of a population to maintain and grow the means of self-sufficiency.

If “real” aid is drilling wells, not bottled water, it is also about training locals to drill wells and maintain machinery. Action against poverty is now seen as a mix of Aid, Trade, Investment, Migration, Environment, Security, Technology. As well as shipping in bags of grain, it is more important to stop the war that will destroy the next crop, to invent appropriate technologies (the cow-dung radio in India), and to build local economies through investment and trade. Migration is contentious – accepting the unskilled and displaced counts as aid, but enticing every trained nurse in Ghana to London not only does not count as aid but is a negative step for Ghana.

The US is 20th in the world for aid as a portion of GDP (0.14%). 72% of this is tied aid (“with strings”) and much goes to less poor and totalitarian regimes.* US aid is perceived to be largely directed by national interest, whereas some nations, such as Denmark (first in world ranking), seem motivated otherwise – if Danish secret agendas exist they are well hidden. But in the broadest view aid is about self-interest. In Somalia, failure to understand root problems and obsession with forming a nation in a preconceived image led to a decade of bronze-age governance. Islamists now seem the only hope for stable government, and a shining hope in Africa for Taliban-style regimes. What started as an aid problem ended as a political problem because the earlier efforts were unbearably tainted with politics.

*Many facts quoted are from Center for Global Development.[USA], http://www.cgdev.org.

Near-Term:

For aid to be effective in the longer term – to be “real” – donors need to understand bottom-line causes. Some are geographical (systematic lack of water), many are social/political (enduring clan and tribal rivalries), many are simple perfidy (corrupt regimes and callous middle class elites).  In each case the solution is dictated by the cause and is often obvious. Educating policy-makers in the underlying causes of each aid case goes a long way to making aid effective.

Mid-Term:

Even blind incompetence is better than aid for doctrinaire or the wrong reasons. The top-down approach of the 1960’s – fortify the rulers and elites and they will fix their countries – is discredited for good reason. It resulted in a sudden demand for Rolls Royce cars, weapons, and deterioration in subsistence societies.  Recipients should not have to convert to Jesus – or the Danish way of life – to eat. A recent notion – fix poverty one village at a time (bottom-up) – is the most rational approach with the best chance of success thus far.

Long-Term:

Many Asian nations jumped from primitive telephone net-works to ubiquitous internet and cellular networks. This technological leap-frog awaits developing nations. The West will be burdened with 2nd or 3rd generation modalities when poorest nation will suddenly have 4th generation technol-ogies. In 10 years the West will be weighed down by old costly infrastructure (the London tube) and many “developing” nations will be growing from strength to strength driven by clean, green high-tech practices.